The U.S. is suffering a severe shortage of truck drivers. In fact, the industry is now facing a deficit of over 53,000 qualified truck drivers. Over the next decade, the shortage is projected to skyrocket to 898,000. Actions are being taken around every corner to combat this deficit. From recruiting more women to attempting to cater to the needs of millennials, freight companies and large businesses are looking for ways to get more qualified drivers behind the wheel.
However, if the shortage comes to an end, there will be other problems to face. From overcrowded truck stops to strict regulations on hours, there are some challenges the trucking industry needs to face now, so it can continue to grow. Here are a few of the issues the trucking industry must solve to expand smoothly in 2019.
Too Many Trucks on the Road
Gridlock traffic can make even short hauls take far longer than anticipated. Traffic means longer hours for truckers and more gas and labor expenses for freight owners. If that gap closes, that means there will be at least 53,000 more trucks on America’s highways. More trucks could potentially cause more traffic for everyday commuters as well as truckers. And with less truckers interested or willing to drive through the night, more are facing traffic and adding to the congestion. This will be a challenge the trucking industry will have to face if the gap is to close. Better routes, different hours, and altered expectations will have to be put into place to seamlessly add more trucks to the road.
Truck Parking Shortage
Finding a safe place to park your truck and take a rest is already an issue for truckers. Often, rest areas and truck stops are full to capacity, especially in the evening, leaving drivers to park on exit ramps. Some states allow this, but many places have laws against parking on ramps.
Legal or not, according to the president of Jet Express Trucking in Dayton and the former chairman of the American Trucking Associations, Kevin Burch, this is an accident waiting to happen. Especially when trucks park on off ramps from the highway, cars can come speeding around the corner and not see the truck in time. Burch believes that the government should be doing more to provide safe parking for long-haul truckers.
It is mandatory for truckers to take breaks after a certain number of hours, but when taking a rest is putting them at a higher risk than continuing to drive, something needs to change. This problem will only get worse as more truckers are introduced into the industry. More trucks on the road will mean even fewer safe areas to park.
As of now, freight owners are encouraging drivers to plan their driving hours, so they can find available places to park and rest when it is time. Where it is legal to park on the side of exit ramps, truckers are being encouraged to only park on ramps that enter the highway, as to avoid highway traffic.
Time Logging Issues
Finally, the trucking industry has introduced new logging technology that is causing some frustration. Originally, truckers would log their own hours by hand. Since the logging was all on pen and paper, truckers were often caught being dishonest about how many hours they had worked. In fact, log violations were the most frequent form of violation among truckers in 2017.
Due to the high volume of log violations, it became a federal rule in December 2017 that all large trucks be equipped with electronic logging devices. While many believe the electronic systems are a good idea, they do not allow for much flexibility for drivers. They only allow a driver to be on duty for a specific set of hours, require breaks after eight hours, and expect 10 hours of rest time for truckers with a berth.
Truckers would like to see more flexibility to give them the option to pull off the road in heavy traffic and make up the hours when there is less congestion. They would also like to cut the required rest time to eight hours and apply the other two to breaks throughout the shift.
Most rule makers in the trucking industry agree that the electronic logging systems need to stay. However, some are willing to consider modifying the strict rules. Having this issue sorted out in 2019 would allow for less pushback and more room for the industry to grow. It may inspire more people to become truckers, and it will also allow current truckers to work more efficiently and feel more in control of their days.
The transportation industry has plenty of room to grow and solving potential problems now will help make room for more truckers on the road.
No matter how much experience a driver has, harsh winter conditions can present a range of challenges on the road. From slick road surfaces to limited visibility, commercial truck drivers have to be ready for anything. Winters in the Northeast and Midwest are especially brutal, and almost always result in blizzards and multiple feet of snow on the ground. Even though February is half-way over, the cold temperatures and icy roads will still be here for a while. Thankfully, there are many things drivers can do to stay safe even in the worst winter months. Here are some things every trucker can do to keep themselves and other drivers safe this winter.
Pack for the Winter
Any trip in winter weather starts with preparation. Before ever starting your truck’s engine, make sure you have everything to stay warm and safe no matter what happens. Make sure you have the tools and supplies to keep your truck in shape including a flashlight, extra windshield washer fluid, chains, a bag of salt or sand, bungee cords, and a windshield scraper. For yourself, pack a reflective vest, blankets, a hat, a few pairs of waterproof gloves, a scarf, and thermal socks. You will also want boots with good traction and enough food and bottled water to last a full day.
Do a Circle Check
Before you hit the road, be sure to do a circle check and make sure everything is functioning properly. Ensure the wipers, lights, brakes, tail lights, washer fluid, and wiper motors are all in working order and ready for the trip. It is also important to make sure your mirrors and lights are clean and free from snow or ice while traveling. Keeping them clear will help you see what is around you and also allow you to be seen by other cars.
Keep Your Gas Tank Half Full
During severe winter conditions, getting stuck on the road is a real possibility. If you run out of gas and have to wait inside the cabin, you are putting yourself in a potentially dangerous situation. Be sure to keep your tank half-full at all times to avoid getting stranded in the snow.
Keep Your Distance from Other Vehicles
Highway traffic can often seem to travel in groups down the road. During harsh weather conditions, make sure you keep plenty of distance between you and the other vehicles. This can help everyone avoid an accident if a vehicle suddenly swerves or hits black ice. While it may be impossible to avoid other cars altogether, be especially careful to leave space between you and the truck in front of you. This will give you adequate time to break in necessary.
Use Good Judgement
Especially during the holidays, truck drivers are under huge pressure to get their shipments to their destinations. Even in the worst weather, truckers can be tempted to take the risk to make their deliveries on time. However, it is important to remember that no load is worth your life. Use good judgement and make the right call. If the snow is too dense or the highway is covered in black ice, do not take the risk. Park your truck and wait for the weather to blow over, even if it means your shipment will be late.
Practice Good Communication
Staying aware of weather forecasts and communicating with other drivers about upcoming storms or weather advisories is essential to staying safe on the road. PetroChoice’s Vice President of Human Resources Marilena Acevedo said, “Communication is key, and we keep an open line of communication with all of our drivers. When we are expecting a big storm, our leadership gets involved, and we may start a conversation a few days before to make sure we have a plan in place,” she said. “We do not want to be caught in the middle of an event without a plan. Planning is important to make it through a bad storm without too much trouble.”
Winter weather can be intimidating and certainly should not be taken lightly. However, with the right tools and preparation, you can stay safe and warm all winter long.
The trucking industry is vital for small towns and big cities all across the country. However, the environmental impact of so many big rigs on the road can deplete the earth’s resources over time. These same resources, like expensive diesel fuel, also cost fleet owners thousands of dollars every year. And with many countries setting goals to ban gas and diesel-powered vehicles in the near future, electric solutions must be made available to the long-haul trucking industry. This has created a race between trucking startups and well-known manufacturers to create the best electric semi-truck before the competition.
How Trucking Impacts the Environment
When it comes to environmentalism, semi-trucks often have a bad reputation. The stereotype of gas-guzzling trucks that produce endless dark smoke is well known. And while there may have been some truth to their reputation in the past, it is becoming less and less true.
The Environmental Defense Fund states that freight movement accounts for 16 percent of all corporate greenhouse gas emissions. This number, which also includes air and water-based transport, would have looked much different a few decades ago. Because of innovations already available, trucks are producing far less emissions than ever before. In fact, it would take 70 of today’s trucks to produce the amount of one truck from 2002.
Recent innovations have also led to trucks being more aerodynamic, which allows truckers to save thousands in gas every year. Simple tweaks to bumpers, side mirrors, tire technology, and truck skirts have led to less fuel consumption and a longer lifespan for trucks.
Even though trucks are running more efficiently than ever, there is another reason to look forward to electric trucks coming onto the market: Never worrying about fuel costs again. Diesel fuel, which was averaging at $3.50 per gallon in 2016, led to huge bills for fleet owners. A trucker traveling 120,000 miles in a year would result in a $50,000 to $60,000 spend in diesel fuel per year. That means two years of gas would cost the same as a new sleeper tractor trailer. Of course, diesel prices are less than they were in 2016, but the large investment in gas is ever-present in the trucking industry. However, with electric trucks, stopping to fill up on diesel would shift to plugging the trucks in for a quick charge, which has the potential to cut fueling costs in half.
These innovations in electric trucks are coming faster and faster to meet the needs of countries that have set goals to eliminate gas and diesel vehicles. For instance, the UK aims to ban all gas and diesels cars and trucks by 2040. That gives them only 21 years to create a power grid that can sustain the electric vehicles, as well as find solutions for the trucking and travel industries.
Here are a few trucking companies paving the way to electric semi-trucks.
Nikola Motor Company
Nikola Motor Co., an American trucking startup founded in 2014, has been working on fully electric-hydrogen powered semi-trucks. To date, they have created prototypes for three trucks, each designed for a different purpose and to meet the needs of specific regions. So far, Nikola has produced a sleeper available in North and South America, a day truck for the Americas, and a day truck specifically for Europe, Asia, and Australia. Nikola states that their trucks will sport 1,000 horsepower engines with a 500-1,000-mile range per charge. Additionally, drivers should expect a charging session to last only 20 minutes.
Nikola currently has $13 billion in pre-order reservations for its truck. And while an official release date has not been announced, the company is planning to feature demos of their trucks at the World Nikola event in Phoenix in April 2019.
Elon Musk’s company, Tesla, has been hard at work perfecting their electric semi-truck, the Tesla Semi, which was first revealed in November of 2017. According to Tesla, their semi, which comes with four motors, will be able to go from 0 to 60 mph in 5 seconds. They are said to have a 500-mile range on a single charge. And because most semi-truck hauls are under 250 miles, that means drivers can make an entire round trip without stopping to charge.
The Tesla Semi is scheduled to be released later in 2019, but it has already been pre-ordered by the hundreds by big-named brands. Some companies ready to embrace the new Tesla trucks include Albertsons, the parent company of Safeway, Shaw’s, Vons, Pavilion, as well as Walmart, Pepsi, FedEx, and dozens more.
The Rising Competition in Manufacturing
Nikola and Tesla are not the only two companies working to bring electric semi-trucks to highways everywhere. BMW and Daimler have both been working on their electric cars and semi-trucks. In fact, BMW is already using their electric semi for short distances at their headquarters in Germany.
Ford recently released a concept for its own electric semi-truck that they plan to call the F-Vision. Volvo has also released a concept for a completely cabless, autonomous electric semi, called Vera. As for these two concepts, no release date has been set.
The future looks bright for transportation. With so much innovation hitting the market, the trucking industry is evolving to be safer and more environmentally friendly every day.